You’ve probably seen terms like HD and Full HD on the boxes of monitors and TVs, but what does that actually mean? As you may have guessed, HD simply refers to “High Definition”, which is just a quick way to refer to high quality video output. If you see the term “Full HD” on a monitor box, that’s just a shorthand to denote its resolution, which would be 1920 by 1080, also called 1080p. The reason why it’s specified as “Full HD” is because there are also some TVs and monitors that output at 720p (high definition but not quite as high as 1080p), which is 1280 by 720 pixels. 1080p is considered the current standard for monitors, and all of the popular manufacturers including Dell, Acer, Samsung, LG, BenQ and Viewsonic offer a variety of 1080p monitors in their product line ups.
When it comes to resolution, 4k is all the buzz right now. Game developers and graphics card manufacturers are focused on making and running games at 4k resolutions, which is twice the horizontal and vertical resolution of 1080p. Officially labeled as 4K UHD, the total pixel resolution is 3840 by 2160. That’s why there had to be a new term to define the resolution scale, because 4k is so much clearer and more vibrant than 1080p. In fact, many people would call it hyper-realistic, because of how many pixels are crammed into the display area. To make it easier to distinguish between the two resolution types, 1080p is often just referred to as 2k resolution.
As you can imagine, the more pixels there are to display, the more important it is that your monitor has a high refresh rate, especially when it comes to gaming. Typically, the standard has been 120 hertz refresh rate in gaming monitors, but Asus’ 27 inch MG279Q monitor features a 144 hertz refresh rate. The quicker a monitor can refresh the display, the more smooth the visual experience will be. The refresh rate in the monitor works in tandem with a low response time (which just specifies how quickly the monitor can send and receive new information) in order to make a seamless visual transition. Sometimes, if the response rate is not quick enough, some residual pixels can remain on the screen as the monitor is trying to refresh new ones. This is called ‘ghosting’. Although it’s standard to have a 4 millisecond response time on many gaming monitors, Samsung, LG, BenQ, Viewsonic, and more all offer 2k and 4k monitors that have 1 millisecond response times.
As far as the internal specs are concerned, response time and refresh rate are the main factors that contribute to a smooth, immersive viewing experience, but the physical panel type of the monitor can also play into this. First there’s the matter of how the monitor lights up: either with LCD or LED. The main difference lies in the material that is used to light the liquid crystals in the display. In LCD, it’s cold cathode fluorescent lamps (CCFL’s) and in LEDs, it’s tiny light emitting and low-energy consuming diodes. This is the preferred type in most monitors, because it consumes less power and produces less harsh light so that darker colors appear more vivid. Additionally, LED monitors can be much thinner than LCD ones.
Newer LCD monitors have improved with the implementation of IPS (In-plane switching) panels. For some it’s a matter of preference, but where the IPS panels have shown their strength is in accurate color reproduction, great for content creators who want to do photo editing or graphic design. The panel type you choose depends more on preference than anything else. Samsung is well known for championing the IPS panel in their monitors, and many people enjoy using them for gaming as well.
For some people, it’s not just the monitor specs that are important. Having a monitor that is fast, intuitive, and also looks nice on their desk is an essential part of a computer build that is designed to make a statement. Asus’ Predator X34 certainly shows off with its 34-inch curved IPS panel that also features Nvidia’s Gsync technology, which matches the gaming framerates with the monitor’s native refresh rate to prevent screen tearing. For those who want the style without the price tag, Samsung offers a 29 inch curved monitor with a 4 millisecond response time.
As touch navigation becomes more normalized due to mobile browsing, you may want to also consider a touch monitor for maximum accessibility. Planar offers a 22 inch optical touch screen monitor that is also extremely portable due to its USB connection type. For something you can use in meetings for presentations, Dell offers a capacitive touch screen monitor that also features an IPS panel.
When you’ve picked out the perfect display, don’t forget the essential accessories to go with it. For a 2 or 3-screen set up, Ergotron, Rosewill, and SIIG offer a variety of both stationary and swivel monitor mounts for both the wall and your desk. Soon, you’ll have your own personal command center that you’ll never want to leave. So, ready to get started?